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Ships

Information obtained from Lloyd's Registry of 1915 concerning the various vessels mentioned in the narrative.

Campania (British)

In correspondence received from former Commander Walter Forstmann of the U-39, he lists this vessel as a fish steamer of 250 tons, probably a trawler. There is a Campania of 167 tons listed in Lloyds but I am not certain that she is the right one.

Kotka ex Ironside (Norwegian)

Iron bark. 952 register tons. Captain Christiansen. Built in 1861 by T.R. Oswald, Sunderland, England. Owner, Akties Kotka. Operated by L. Hauglund, Fredrikstad, Norway. Sunk by U-39 on June 29, 1915. Both above vessels were sunk before I went aboard the U-39.

Cambuskenneth (Norwegian)

Full-rigged steel ship. 1925 register tons. Captain Thor Larsen Sole. Built in 1893 by Russell & Co., at Pt. Glasgow, Scotland. Owners, Akties Cambuskenneth, E. Monsen & Co., of Tvedestrand, Norway. 263.5’ long. 39.1' beam. 23.0’ depth. Sunk by U-39 on June 29, 1915. Shell fire.

Lomas ex Brittanic (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 3048 register tons. Captain P. Evans. Built in1898 by W. Gray & Co., West Hartlepool, England. Owned by B. Ayers, G. Southern Rly. Co. Ltd., London, England. Sunk by U-39 on June 30, 1915. Shell fire.

Gadsby (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 3497 register tons. Captain J.F. Olive. Built in 1899 by Ropner & Son, Stockton, England. Owner R. Ropner & Co., of West Hartlepool, England. Sunk by U-39 on July 1, 1915. Torpedo.

Caucasian (British)

Steel Screw steamer (Tanker). 4656 register tons. Captain F.H. Robinson. Built in 1899 by Sir. J. Laing & Sons. Ltd. at Sunderland, England. Owner, Petroleum Steamship Co., Ltd. London, England. Sunk by U-39 on July 1, 1915. Shell fire.

Inglemoor (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 4331 register tons. Captain A.W. Stonehouse. Built in 1912 by Blyth Ship Building Co., Ltd. at Blyth, England. Owned by Moor Lines Ltd. Operated by W. Runciman & Co. Sunk by U-39 on July 1, 1915. Torpedo.

Richmond (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 3214 register tons. Captain Pendred. Built in 1904 by Napier Miller, Ltd. at Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by Britain S.S. Co. Ltd. of London, England. Watts, Watts & Co., London, Managers. Sunk by U-39 on July 1, 1915. Torpedo.

Craigard (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 3286 register tons. Captain A. McCullough, built in 1901 by A. Rodgers & Co., at Port Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by Craigmhor S.S. Co., Ltd., Port of registry Leith, Scotland. D. Russell & Co. Managers. Sunk by U-39 on July 1. 1915. Shell fire.

Boduognat (Belgian)

Steel Screw Steamer. 1460 register tons. Captain L. Siebrechts. Built in 1909 by W. Pickersgill & Sons Ltd. at Sunderland, England. Owned by Antwerpsche Zeevaart Maats. Antwerp, Belgium. Sunk by U-39 on July 2, 1915. Torpedo.

Hirrondelle (French)

Wooden Schooner. 183 register tons. Captain A. Kerarec. Built in 1912 by Bonne-Lessieur at Paimpol, France. Owned bv Pouhaër, Paimpol, France. Sunk by U-39 on July 2, 1915. Shell fire.

Renfrew (British)

Steel Screw Steamer (Tanker). 3488 register tons. Captain J.F. Stevenson, built in 1901 by W. Doxford & Sons Ltd. at Sunderland, England. Owned by Sutherland S.S. Co., Ltd. A.M. Sutherland, Manager. Port of registry, Newcastle, England. Sunk by U-39 on July 3, 1915. Shell fire.

Larchmore (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 4355 register tons. Captain I. Jones. Built in 1912 by J.L. Thompson & Sons Ltd. at Sunderland, England. Owned by Johnston Line Ltd. W. Johnston & Co., Managers. Port of registry, Liverpool, England. Sunk by U-39 on July 3, 1915. Shell fire.

Fiery Cross (Norwegian)

Three-mast iron bark. 1448 register tons. Captain J. Gedde. built in 1878 by C. Connell & Co. at Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by Aktieselsk Fiery Cross, Hansen & Anderson, Larvik, Norway. Sunk by U-39 on July 3, 1915. Time bombs.

Anglo-Californian

Steel Screw Steamer. 7333 register tons. Captain Parslow. Built in 1912 by Short Bros, at Sunderland, England. Owned by Nitrate Producers S.S. Co. Ltd. of London.
Attacked by U-39 on July 4, 1915 when warning shots to stop went unheeded. During the running attack Captain Parslow and about eleven of his crew lost their lives. Through a most gallant and stubborn show of resistance which was acknowledged by several aboard the submarine the Anglo-Californian, though badly damaged, managed to escape when a patrol yacht came to her assistance. When the attack commenced, the U-39 had no torpedoes left and about 35 shells for the deck gun alone remained. This was the last vessel engaged by the U-39 during the cruise when I was aboard the submarine.

Leon ex Acasta (Greek)

Steel Screw Steamer. 2401 register tons. Captain J .H. Margaronis. Built in 1895 by W. Pickersgill & Sons at Sunderland, England. Owned by L. Zarifi. Michalinos Maritime & Commercial Co. Ltd. Managers. Port of registry, Piraeus, Greece. Intercepted by the U-39 on July 1, 1915, and allowed to proceed on her way. May have picked up the crew from the sunken steamer Gadsby.

Peña-Augustina ex Manhua (Spanish)

Steel Screw Steamer. 1806 register tons, built in 1898 by Tyne Iron S.B. Co., of Newcastle, England. Owned by Cia Santanderina de Nav. A. Piris, Manager. Port of (Spanish) registry, Santander, Spain.

Selene (Hollander)

Steel Twin Screw Motor Ship. (Tanker) 3738 register tons. Captain G. Bouve. Built in 1914 by Caledon S.B. & E. Co. Ltd. of Dundee, Scotland. Owned by Nedherland Ind. Tank Stoomb. Maats. Port of registry, 's Gravenhage, Netherlands.
Intercepted on July 1, 1915 by the U-39 and allowed to proceed on her way.

Statesman (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 6153 register tons. Captain Maycock. Built in 1895 by Workman, Clarke & Co., at Belfast, Ireland. Owned by Charente S.S. Co. Ltd. of Liverpool, England.

Six days before Cambuskenneth was sunk she met up with this steamer in the North Atlantic. The Cambuskenneth signaled her asking "If peace had been proclaimed". We had been about 135 days at sea when this occurred. It was the first news we had of the war since we left port, except for the little we heard from the steamer off the coast of Brazil. The Statesman gave us further unwelcome news of the submarine operations, a picture of our sailing ship was taken, unbeknown to me, by the Third Officer aboard the Statesman. It was received by me from him personally thirty-eight years later! This officer, Captain Fred C. Poyser, became the proprietor of the Nautical Photo Agency, Beccles, Suffolk, England. He also supplied a picture of the Statesman as well as of many other vessels mentioned in the narrative.

Woodnut ex Woodcock (British)

Steel Screw Steamer. 1470 register tons. Built by J. Brown & Co. Ltd. in 1906 at Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by G. & J. Burns, Ltd., of Glasgow.

This small passenger vessel was commandeered by the British Navy and outfitted as an auxiliary cruiser. The Cambuskenneth was intercepted by the Woodnut the day before our ship met up with the U-39. A boarding party came aboard our ship, and after examining the ship's papers, they advised all the German members of our crew that they would be interned for the duration of the war upon our arrival in Ireland. The officers from the Woodnut also gave our captain their best advice for the Cambuskenneth to safely make port. It was of little help, for within twenty-four hours, our ship was sunk.

Dalbek ex Balasore (German)

Four-mast Steel bark. 2723 register tons. Captain C. Brauch, built in 1892 by Barclay, Curle & Co. Ltd. at Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by Knöhr & Burchard, Hamburg, Germany.

My shipmate Moses’ former ship on which he arrived at Portland from Europe, and from which I helped him to desert on a dark rainy night in Portland Harbor. The vessel was later confiscated by the United States and renamed Monongahela.

Birtha (Norwegian)

Steel Bark. 1425 register tons. Captain C. Larsen. Built by Russell & Co. in 1891 at Pt. Glasgow, Scotland. Owned by BK Birtha’s Rederi. Operated by Klaveness & Co. Christiania (Oslo) Norway. The vessel on which Jimmy arrived at Portland.

Pierre Antoine (French)

Steel Bark. 2206 register tons. Built in 1902 by Chnt. Nantaia de Const, Mar. at Nantes, France. Owned by Bureau freres & Baillergean, Nantes, France.
This was the vessel on which Moses and I made our first attempt to land a berth. Telling the French mate that we were from the German bark Dalbek, just across the river, cooked our goose, We weren’t wanted, and were probably lucky at that, for she was a big vessel for being bark rigged and was considered a slow ship.

Invergarry (British)

Steel bark. 1416 register tons. Captain J.W. Holmes. Built in 1891 by A. McMillan & Sons Ltd. at Dumbarton. Owners, G. Milne & Co., Aberdeen, Scotland.
A smart little vessel on which John Albert Mattson returned to Portland after getting ashore from the sinking of the Cambuskenneth. Mattson came down with scurvy at the end of the trip, and along with others of the crew, were put in a hospital at Portland. He was paid off there. While on the Invergarry, Mattson made a bottle-ship model of the Cambuskenneth which he gave to me after I accidently met him on a street.

Rotterdam (Dutch)

Steel Twin Screw Steamer. 24,149 register tons. Captain G. Stenger. Built by Harland & Wolff Ltd. at Belfast, Ireland, in 1908. Owned by Holland-Amerika Line.
This was the Trans-Atlantic passenger liner on which I received second-class passage back to New York as a shipwrecked sailor.

Kroonland (American)

Steel Twin Screw Steamer. 12,760 register tons. Captain Hill. Built in 1902 by Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia. Owned by International Mercantile Marine Co., of New York.
This was the first vessel on which I attempted to ship as quartermaster out of New York. The Port Captain gave me a letter to present to the mate aboard the ship, but the mate took one look at me and said he didn’t want me.

Honolulan (American)

Steel Screw Steamer. 7,059 register tons. Captain Anderson. Built in 1910 by Maryland Steel Co., at New York. Owners American-Hawaiian S.S. Co.
The mate on this ship, after reading a letter from the Port Captain of this company, also took one look at me and said he didn’t want me. I went back to the office and the Port Captain told me to go back to the ship and tell the mate that the Port Captain was hiring the men for the ships and that I was to be put aboard as the letter stated. By the looks of the mate’s face, he sure took me under protest, but I managed to make put alright on my first job as quartermaster on a steamer. Though I signed on from New York and return, I only wanted to get back to the West Coast. As the World’s Fair was on at San Francisco, I left the Honolulan in that port.

Beaver (American)

Steel Screw Steamer. 4507 register tons. Captain E.W. Mason. Built in 1909 by Newport News S.B. & D.D. Co. Owned by San Francisco and Portland S.S. Co. Port of entry San Francisco.
A few years previous to my trip on the sailing ship, I made a trip to California as a steerage passenger aboard this steamer. I became well acquainted with a sailor of the crew. On my present trip, after spending about two weeks in San Francisco, I learned that my sailor friend was no longer in her crew but was aboard another coastwise vessel.

Northern Pacific (American)

Steel Triple Screw Steamer. 8256 register tons. Captain Lapraik. Built in 1915 by W. Cramp & sons at Philadelphia. Owned by Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railroad Co. Port of entry, Astoria, Oregon.
A fine, new, better than 24 knot passenger liner plying between San Francisco and Astoria. My sailor friend was now aboard this fine ship and managed to smuggle me aboard into the fo’c’stle. I ended my memorable trip as a stowaway on this ship. Only the train fare between Astoria and Portland remained.